Pearls of Rashi: Parshas Vayeishev I

In this week’s Parshah, Vayeishev, we learn about a dispute between Yosef and his brothers. The Torah tells us[1], “Yisroel (Yaakov) loved Yosef more than all of his other sons because he was a son of his old age, and he made Yosef a fine woolen coat.”

Ultimately the brothers threw Yosef into a pit[2]. They did not want their father to know what they had done; therefore, the Torah tells us as follows[3]. “They took Yosef’s coat, slaughtered a kid, and dipped it in the blood. They sent the beautiful woolen coat, brought it to their father, and said, ‘We have found this; recognize whether this is your son’s coat or not.’ He recognized it and said, ‘It is my son’s coat; a wild beast has devoured him; something has surely torn up Yosef.'”

Rashi cites the words “a wild beast has devoured him” and explains as follows. “(Even though the brothers did not tell Yaakov, one would think Hashem would let him know.) Why did He not do so? Because the brothers excommunicated and cursed anyone who would reveal this, and they included Hashem in their court.

We must understand why the brothers needed to make the Almighty a part of the ex-communication and the curse they issued. After all, they constituted a Bais Din –a Jewish ritual court. One explanation is that they feared one of them might regret their actions.

There is a Halachic method to annul a vow. However, if Hashem is part of the court that issued the ex-communication, it could not be rescinded without His approval. None of them could “back out.” We see that the “secret” was revealed to Yaakov. Further on, the Torah tells us that[4] “Yaakov saw that they were selling grain in Egypt …” Rashi questions the use of the word “saw.” How can we say that Yaakov saw that there was grain in Egypt? Rashi explains, “What then is the meaning of ‘saw?’ He saw through the divine “mirror” that he still had hope in Egypt. However, this was not an actual prophecy and did not explicitly inform him that this was Yosef.”

Once they received this Divine “sign,” they went to look for Yosef. When they finally found him, they knew the time had come to tell their father.

Everything has its proper time. It may seem frustrating, but occasionally we must wait for the right time.

I wish everyone a good Shabbos and a happy Chanukah.

Rabbi Shmuel Mendelsohn

Adapted from Likkutei Sichos Volume 35, Beginning with Page 161


The Soldiers of Tzivos Hashem Chaim, Aiden Oded, and Zacharya Matan שיחיו Morris
Rabbi & Mrs. Menachem M. and Chaya Mushka שיחיו Morris

[1]. Our Parshah, Bereishis 37:3.

[2]. Yosef’s brothers were righteous. They would not try to kill him out of mere jealousy. Rather they formed a rabbinic court and judged him for what they perceived were sins. They then sentenced him to death. See Rashi’s comments to our Parshah, Chapter 37 in detail.

[3]. Our Parshah, Bereishis 37:31-33.

[4]. Parshas Mikeitz, Bereishis 42:1.

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